How to Draw Using 1-Point Perspective: Narrated Step by Step

How to Draw Using 1-Point Perspective: Narrated Step by Step

Hi, Tom here welcome to this week'sCircle Line Art School video: How to Draw using one-Point Perspective, in thisvideo I'll show you one way to draw a road, a railway track and some houses, all in 1-point perspective, the first step is to draw a horizontal line for the horizon,in the middle of your page, in one-point perspective the two sides of a straightroad will look like they meet somewhere on this horizon line, the point wherethey meet is called the vanishing point, so we can draw a cross for the vanishingpoint here on the left, from this vanishing point we need to draw twostraight lines to the bottom of the page, this will look a bit like a trianglethis will be a triangle, but it represents also a road going to thehorizon, in this drawing all the lines that are parallel to this first roadwill go exactly towards this single vanishing point, but we can also drawanother vanishing point, on the right-hand side of this drawing, againdraw two lines from this vanishing point to the base of the page, now we can make this second triangleinto a railway line going into the distance, into its own vanishing point, soalthough this is one-point perspective, we have, in a way, two drawings in one, soone point perspective on the left hand side and then another one pointperspective on the right hand side of the paper, we can add three more lines toeach of the diagonal lines on the train track, so three of these lines are forthe metal, the steel line of the actual track itself and then the outside lineis a guideline for the railroad ties, the sleepers of the train track, so weneed an outside line on each side of the railroad track, next we can draw a seriesof horizontal lines for the railroad ties, using the two outer diagonal linesas guidelines, also making the lines closer together, these horizontal lines,making them closer together as they go way towards the horizon, I'm drawingthese horizontal lines in sort of pairs of lines, so the railroad ties, orsleepers, need to go under the lines of the steel rail tracks, the diagonallines going to the vanishing point, so the railroad ties are the horizontallines and then the steel rail tracks are the diagonal lines going to thevanishing point, now for each of these horizontal pairs of lines we can draw asshort vertical line, sort of at the end of each of the lower pairs of lines andthen we can join these little vertical lines up, with a new horizontal line,again, going underneath the diagonal lines, which go to the vanishing point and thiswill be for the edge for the thickness of the railroad ties themselves, next wecan shade in these sides, so that each of the ties or sleepers has a dark side toits base, now shade on the left-hand side of the steel trackand then on the left hand side, those cast shadows, the shadow coming off thesteel track, will sort of be higher on the ties or sleepers and lower on thespaces in between the sleepers, now we can erase the outer guidelines of therailroad ties, as we no longer need them, now in the middle of this drawing we candraw a house in one point perspective, first draw a rectangle for the side ofthe house and then a simple triangle for the roof, we can erase the horizontal line insidethe rectangle, we no longer need that, next we need to choose just one of ourvanishing points, as this is a drawing in one point perspective, so I will choosethe vanishing point on the left, so this house will be parallel to the left handroad and all of the diagonal lines for the side of the house will only go tothe vanishing point on the left hand side, so this house is in one pointperspective, the same 1-point perspective as the road, next, choose how far back you want thehouse to go and then we can draw a vertical line, at that point, we can nowcopy the front diagonal line of the roof to redraw this line, as the back of theroof, using the same angle as we have on the front, now we could add a simpleextension to this house, first of all just draw a vertical lineon the left, next we need to find out where this vertical line can be on theright, the sort of right hand side, to do that just draw the back line of thehouse and then we can add a diagonal line from the vanishing point, going tothe right hand corner of the house, next, where these two lines meet, at this pointwe can draw a vertical line going up and this will be the corner of the houseextension on the right, next we can draw a triangle for the roof and then, if we read the lines across tothe vanishing point, the vanishing point that we're using on the left, we just need to add a back line here, a vertical line for the back of thisbuilding.

then we can draw another separatebuilding, in exactly the same way as the first.

I think I'll add a taller building inthe distance here too.

next we can erase some of the guidelinelonger need, be careful not to erase guidelines that youdo need, just to raise the guidelines that you don't need! now, on the left-hand side of this drawing, again we're using only the left-handvanishing point for this one-point perspective drawing on the left-handside of the paper, so all of these buildings, the verticalsof all of these buildings, will be straight lines, vertical straight lines,but the diagonals will all go to the single one point, the single vanishingpoint for this side of the drawing.

because all of these buildings areparallel to the road and the road uses this one single vanishing point,once you have completed some simple buildings on the left-hand side we coulddraw a pavement edge from the left-hand vanishing point to the middle of thedrawing and then make a little short vertical line for the corner of thepavement, now, next we can repeat this and draw the thickness of the pavement goingto the right vanishing point, I think in this drawing, this will be the only shapethis pavement shape will be the only shape that uses both the left and theright vanishing points, the rest of the drawing will either use the leftvanishing point or the right vanishing point, never the both together, next wecan draw some more rectangles for more buildings on the right-hand side of thedrawing, now all of these must use only the right vanishing point, the singleone-point vanishing point on the right, as they're all in one point perspectivebut the one point are all the parallel lines which are parallel to the railwaytrack that we drew at the beginning of the drawing.

so now on the far right we can drawssome more simple buildings using our technique of one-point perspective tomake this two-dimensional drawing look more three-dimensional, more 3D, next we can add some details to ourdrawing, if you divide the horizontal line into even parts on the left here, onthis building, we can then draw lines from these marks to the vanishing pointson the left and then in that way we create some floors for the building,a vanishing point is essential for perspective drawing, it is the point thatis at the height of the eye of the viewer of the image, so in this drawing,which is just some made-up imaginary buildings and roads, we're looking at itfrom a certain height and that height is the height of the horizon, the first linethat we drew in this drawing, now all the tops of the doors, if theyare going away from us on a diagonal, all the tops of doors will be all along onediagonal line and that's the way that you find out how high each door is, asit goes away from you, you just draw a diagonal line from the top of the frontdoor, the nearest door to us, all the way to the vanishing point and then anyother doors that you want to draw will go up to this diagonal line, next we could draw a signpost in the middle of our drawing,the sign of the signpost could be parallel to either the left or the rightvanishing point, I think I'll choose the left vanishing point and this means atthe top and the bottom parts of the sign need to go diagonally straight to thevanishing point on the left, next we could draw a dustbin or a garbage can,just an ellipse, a squash circle on its base and then vertical sides and thenanother series of ellipses for the lids of the garbage can, we could draw someelliptical bands around the dustbin or garbage can too,now we could add a thickness to the pavement edge, the pavement edge is theone thing that's in two point perspective, so it needs to be going tothe left vanishing point and also to the right vanishing point,next on the left we could draw a crossing, a zebra crossing, that is twohorizontal lines and then we can divide that, we can divide these two horizontallines into a series of segments and each of these segments lines goes towards oursingle vanishing point, we could add some small poles and wiresin this drawing, some aerials and radio masts, things like that.

we could also add some electrical wiresalong the railway too.

again in perspective the tops of thewires will be a line that goes directly to the vanishing point, a diagonal lineleads to the vanishing point, then they will be in one point perspective, I thinkI'll make this building here a little bit taller, so it goes above the wiresI've just drawn, for this drawing, because of the shading onthe railway track is on the left-hand side, I'll keep that continuity and shade the building's in on their left hand sidetoo, for this drawing I'm using 4B pencil, any soft dark pencil will do well.

I think I'll shade these squares on theleft and this door on this building on the left too, along here we can add some diagonal blending, graded blending, sort of goingfrom dark to light and then dark again, just by changing the pressure of theamount of pressure that you put on the pencil, in a drawing like this, I think often youcan keep finding small new areas where you can add little bits of detail, it'salways a balance to not do too much detail and not too little detail, it'sjust a personal preference of finding things that you think will beinteresting to draw, but also will help the overall drawing, so you're looking atdetails, but also you're thinking about how those details will relate to theoverall image, to make it so that it's an interesting drawing to look at and whenyou look at parts of the drawing, your eyes sort of led to other parts in thedrawing, so it becomes a drawing that's interesting to look at, because of theconnections within the drawing, sort of the connections embedded within thedrawing, now all of these buildings and objectswill have cast shadows, that is shadows that aren't on the object, but they arethrown from the object by the light source, now in this drawing the lightsource is on the right, so all the cast shadows will go towards the left handside, I'll start by drawing some faint outlines of where these cast shadowswill go towards the left and then we can fill in these shadows,basically, with, probably, best to do quite a flat tone, so a tone that's quiteeven, as shading that's quite even it doesn't sort of modulate between lightand dark, it stays quite flat, so anyway we'll just block in some cast shadows.

I think I will add a few more details, just a few finishing touches to this drawing, the edge of the pavement, where we'relooking both right and left at the same time, so if you look at the pavement,you're sort of, you can see it going left and see it going right, but if you lookat the buildings, either they're going to the right vanishing point, in onepoint perspective, or they're going to the left vanishing point in one pointperspective, so really it's two drawings in one! if you find this drawing useful for yourown drawings please subscribe to my youtube channel: Circle Line Art School and stay up to date with all the drawing videos that I make, I make a new drawing eachweek, thank you very much for watching keep drawing and see you next time!.

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